A total of 69 percent of the EU’s population expects their lives to be positively affected over the next 15 years by innovation and technological progress, while only 18 percent expects such developments to have a negative impact. At the same time, Europeans recognize that they face intensifying international competition in fields shaped by innovation and technical invention. Most prominently, an overwhelming majority wants to see stronger cooperation between EU states. The desire to promote innovation in areas such as healthcare, particularly during the coronavirus epidemic, has once again increased significantly. These are the results found by eupinions, a pan-European survey of more than 12,000 EU citizens conducted on behalf of Germany’s Bertelsmann Stiftung.
Positive expectations for mobility and health, concerns about jobs and data protection
Europeans’ positive expectations associated with innovation are focused mainly within five thematic areas. When asked in which areas they expected to see progress or positive developments thanks to technological innovation over the next 15 years, 41 percent identified mobility and transport, while 39 percent cited the field of healthcare and long-term care. A total of 28 percent said they expected to see progress in energy supply, 27 percent identified the field of environmental protection or the fight against climate change, and another 26 percent specified the education sector. Only 8 percent said they did not expect to see innovation-driven progress in any area. Europeans are most likely to be concerned about innovation with regard to its impact on job creation or data-protection efforts. A total of 40 percent of respondents said they saw a possibility of negative effects on jobs. Similarly, 36 percent said they expected further progress to put their personal data at risk.
Coronavirus crisis leads to new priorities
The coronavirus crisis has also significantly strengthened the explicit desire that targeted support be provided for innovation, particularly within specific areas. In comparison to the year before the crisis, a greater share of Europeans today want to see support provided for innovation in the area of healthcare and long-term care (+14 percent), for the creation of jobs (+14 percent), in the fight against climate change (+6 percent), and in efforts to improve education (+7 percent).
In this regard, Europeans also appear aware that the continent is lagging behind its international competitors. For example, although a large majority of 66 percent of respondents indicated that EU countries were generally well-positioned with regard to innovative capacity, 52 percent of respondents said that the United States was leading Europe in the fields of artificial intelligence, big data and blockchain technology. Moreover, they consider China to be even more successful. Fully 59 percent of Europeans currently regard the People’s Republic of China as being more innovative than the EU. The proportion of respondents that sees Europe as trailing its competitors is similar across most EU states.
More European cooperation
Europeans apparently regard increased mutual cooperation as being a useful response to this issue. A total of 63 percent of Europeans – thus, nearly two-thirds – are in favor of stronger cooperation between EU countries in fostering innovation. By contrast, just 14 percent sees the current extent of cooperation as sufficient, while another 14 percent said that EU countries should cooperate less and look instead for national solutions. The desire for more European competition was expressed by a majority of at least 52 percent (the share recorded for participants from the Netherlands) in all 28 survey countries. Even in the United Kingdom, with its relatively high degree of skepticism toward the European Union, 55 percent of citizens said they would prefer more European-level cooperation in support of innovation. This desire has remained stable throughout Europe during the coronavirus crisis.
Brigitte Mohn, a member of the Bertelsmann Stiftung board of directors, sees the findings as a clear appeal to policymakers and the business sector: "Particularly in the area of innovation and the promotion of future technologies, we in Europe must cooperate with one another much more vigorously instead of seeking to go it alone on the national level. Enhancing our technological competitiveness while at the same time working to solve urgent societal problems requires ambitious innovation-policy goals and implementation mechanisms more efficient than those currently in place. Moreover, in the current crisis, we must not shy away from investment in innovation; rather, we need to invest more, in a countercyclical manner, in order to unlock future potential."