Bertelsmann Stiftung (ed.)

Frank Frick, Dr. Martin Noack, Dr. Miika Blinn

Losing out on further training

Fewer training opportunities for the increasing number of atypical workers

Format Type
Date of publication
1. edition
20 pages, PDF


Free of charge


Almost eight million people in Germany currently work in a fixed-term, part-time or temporary position, or in a marginal employment situation known as a “mini-job.” For statistical purposes, all of these are classified as “atypical workers,” in contrast to workers with standard employment contracts. This study reveals an unequal distribution of training opportunities for workers in these two categories. The moderate increase in Germany’s participation in further training options primarily benefits those with standard employment contracts. In contrast, a large proportion of atypical workers do not participate in advanced vocational training. And it’s not because they don’t want to. Rather, they have difficult access to the market for further training.

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