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Searching for successful strategies of change
There is no guarantee for sucess in change processes to democracy under a rule of law and a market economy equipped with sociopolitical safeguards: stagnation, power struggles and state failure are jeopardizing countries on their complex path of transformation. But there are also encouraging examples of good governance in every world region. Since 2003, the BTI is monitoring where and how change is happening.
The Transformation Index (BTI) is monitoring 137 countries on their way to democracy under the rule of law and a market economy flanked by sociopolitical measures. It is the world's largest study comparing governance in transformation processes.
Since 2017, a number of African states have seen significant, if not transformative developments. In almost all cases, positive trends were recorded in countries where leadership change generated hope for political renewal and economic reform. However, in few of these cases there was a change to the underlying character of the political system. Political power remains highly personalized, writes Nic Cheeseman in the latest BTI Africa Report.
Starting in October 2020, data from the Bertelsmann Stiftung's Transformation Index (BTI) will be included in the country roadmaps of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This will make the Bertelsmann Stiftung the data provider for a central strategy tool of one of the world's largest development agencies.
Restricted freedom of expression, a gagged press or disempowered constitutional courts - as a rule, these are characteristics of autocracies. But our latest Transformation Index shows that the rule of law and political freedoms are also being eroded in an increasing number of democracies. The effects of the corona pandemic threaten to intensify these developments.