The rise of new economic powers in Asia and Latin America has changed the size and the direction of cross-border investment flows. Emerging economies like China, Brazil and India have become major destinations of foreign direct investment within the past decade, and they are also taking on the role of investor themselves. The unprecedented shifts in global investment flows have revived the debate over the effects of foreign investment on growth, employment and income distribution. In this book, leading experts analyse the most important trends, from the increasingly active role emerging economies play as investors in Africa to the rising suspicion in the U.S. and Europe of Chinese takeovers. Global challenges like climate change and the ageing of societies will act as new drivers of foreign investment, reshaping the patterns of globalization once again.