Studies (free of charge)

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

The Common Agricultural Policy and the Next EU Budget, Reflection Paper No. 1

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was set up in a time when (a) the memory about post-war food shortage was fresh, (b) Europe was a large net importer of agricultural products, (c) agricultural production was still highly labour-intensive, (d) food was a major item in a typical consumer basket and (e) significant shares of the work-force received their major income from the agricultural sector. The CAP objectives enshrined in Art. 39 TFEU (see box) clearly reflect this historical situation. When the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957, it was understand-able that the standard of living of the agricultural workforce was a major issue and that “reasonable prices” for consumers were regarded as a matter of social stability. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

The Common Agricultural Policy and the Next EU Budget, Reflection Paper No. 2

Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) spending primarily takes the form of direct payments to farmers in what is referred to as ‘Pillar I’ of the CAP. In the 2015 budget, direct payments accounted for roughly €40.9 billion, or 71% of total CAP spending (€57.6 billion) and 29% of total European Union (EU) spending (€141.7 billion). Most of the remaining CAP spending (€13.8 billion or 25% of the CAP budget in 2015) falls under ‘Pillar II’ which is used to finance rural development and agri-environmental measures. While some adjustment will take place in the course of the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) through 2020, these magnitudes and shares will remain largely unchanged. read more

Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin (Publisher) (PDF)2017

New Pact for Europe: National Report Germany

After a first successful period in 2013-2015, which included more than 80 events in 17 EU countries and the publication of two major reports, which elaborated five strategic options on the future of the EU, the New Pact for Europe project entered a new phase in 2016-2017. The ultimate aim of this new phase of the NPE project is to work out the details of a wider ‘package deal’ to equip the EU with the tools it needs to meet the internal and external challenges it faces. This proposal will contain solutions generated by connecting the discussions on the key policy challenges, and propose changes in the way the EU and its policies are defined to avoid future fundamental crises. National Reflection Groups have been created and met specifically for this purpose in ten EU countries (Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Slovakia), followed by transnational exchanges between these groups. This national report is the result of the work and discussions of one of these National Reflection Groups. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Inclusive Growth for Germany 7: Balanced Budget and Investment Rule: Two Sides of the Same Coin?!

While some of its European neighbors are still feeling the after-effects of the debt and structural crises, Germany appears to have come out the other side relatively unscathed. Yet, the current era of relative prosperity could well be built on higher costs for future generations as a lack of public investments over the last decade in Germany becomes apparent. Indeed, Germany is draining more and more of its public capital stock, leading experts to call for a strong investment rule for the German government. This Study by the Bertelsmann Stiftung and Prognos AG examines how different paths in public investment from here on out would affect the economy through a variety of different channels. The results show that there is a clear economic and fiscal incentive for higher public investments in Germany now. read more

Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin, Jacques Delors Institute in Paris, Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Seizing the Moment for Euro Area Reform

The election of Emmanuel Macron as French President on May 7 gave renewed hope to proponents of the European integration project after the hammer blow of Brexit and fears about a sustained revival of populism. There is a momentum in Berlin and Paris now behind the belief that the euro is incomplete and cannot last without major reforms. read more

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