Studies (free of charge)

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

The EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) – Responding to the Crisis of the Liberal World Order

The EU and Japan are about to adopt two (potentially) ground-breaking agreements: an EU-Japan free trade agreement and the EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA). The SPA, policymakers in both Brussels and Tokyo cheer, will be the ‘big bang’ of bilateral relations upgrading political and security ties from too passive to very active. read more

(PDF)2017

Inclusive Growth for Germany 18: Technological Innovation and Inclusive Growth for Germany

Our study “Technological Innovation and Inclusive Growth in Germany” by Wim Naudé (University of Maastricht) and Paula Nagler (University of Rotterdam) sheds light on how technological innovations affect inclusive growth. In the public debate, disruptive innovations through trends like digitization and automatization are often discussed with plenty of scepticism: these trends are often seen as a threat to jobs and thus the well-being of many in the workforce. However, it is quite clear that these trends are not reversible and are already embedded in today’s economy. The results of the study show that technological innovations do not hamper inclusive growth. Quite the opposite: the data show that the stronger technological innovations penetrated the German economy, the stronger the welfare benefits have been. Thus, the results indicate that economic policy aimed at both pure economic performance and battling inequality at the same time should focus on an environment in which technological innovations can thrive. The authors discuss several short-term and long-term levers for economic policy conducive to innovations-driven inclusive growth. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Interim Report: Bolstering Global Trade Governance

The multilateral trading system – embodied by the WTO – has played a vital role in facilitating global trade and make its benefits available to developed and developing nations alike. But today, the WTO faces many challenges and criticisms. An expert group established by the Bertelsmann Stiftung is working on recommendations how the WTO and its members can respond to these challenges and bolster the functioning of the multilateral trading system. Its main considerations are summarized in this interim report. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Executive Summary: Bolstering Global Trade Governance

The multilateral trading system – embodied by the WTO – has played a vital role in facilitating global trade and make its benefits available to developed and developing nations alike. But today, the WTO faces many challenges and criticisms. An expert group established by the Bertelsmann Stiftung is working on recommendations how the WTO and its members can respond to these challenges and bolster the functioning of the multilateral trading system. Its main considerations are summarized in this executive summary. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Policy Brief #2017/09: How Hidden Protectionism Impacts International Trade

Tariffs impede trade. They are the most visible instrument for protecting domestic companies against foreign competition. So-called non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) are less visible. NTBs include restricting import quantities, registration formalities for imports or state aid for domestic suppliers. NTBs implemented worldwide between 2010 and 2015 have been responsible for roughly 16 percent of missing global trade in 2015. German exports could have been at least USD 43 billion higher in 2015 if these NTBs had not existed. The value of German imports in 2015 would have been at least USD 34 billion higher than the actual volume of imports. These are the results of a recent study of the ifo Institute Munich on behalf of Bertelsmann Stiftung. Based on the quantitative results of the study, this policy brief also draws policy conclusions in regard to the world trade system. The authors argue that NTBs should be addressed – analogous to tariff reduction rounds – under the multilateral umbrella of the WTO. The long-term goal should be uniform regulations and standards around the world in order to ensure fair framework conditions for international competition. Here, particular attention should be paid to special economic relationships between industrialized countries on the one hand and developing and emerging countries on the other. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Hidden Protectionism

Tariffs impede trade. They are the most visible instrument for protecting domestic companies against foreign competition. So-called non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) are less visible. NTBs include restricting import quantities, registration formalities for imports or state aid for domestic suppliers. The trend towards implementing NTBs has increased substantially since the financial and economic crisis 2008/2009. Generally, the increasing implementation of NTBs is a worrying development since, just like tariffs, NTBs slow global trade and thus the economic welfare of countries involved. In fact, the development of world trade has lagged behind expectations in recent years. Against this background, our study analyzes the effects that NTBs could have on global trade in general and on the trade of selected individual countries, such as Germany or China. read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

What Holds Asian Societies Together? Codebook

The present codebook accompanies the dataset that we compiled to measure the level and trend of social cohesion in 22 Asian societies as presented in the edited volume, titled What Holds Asian Societies Together – Insights from the Social Cohesion Radar (Bertelsmann Stiftung 2017). read more

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

What Holds Asian Societies Together? Methods Report

This methods report provides a detailed documention of the methodology behind the measurement of social cohesion in 22 Asian societies as presented in the edited volume, titled What Holds Asian Societies Together? Insights from the Social Cohesion Radar (Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2017). read more

Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin, Bertelsmann Stiftung (Publisher) (PDF)2017

Looking for the silver bullet

The debate about the future of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) has taken a centre stage in the discussion about the future of economic and monetary union (EMU). This is partly due to the possible departure of the IMF from European programmes and to the idea to make the ESM a permanent backstop for banking union. But this is also because changing the ESM treaty is seen by many as a quick-fix alternative to a proper overhaul of EMU architecture that would include EU Treaty change. Here, the cart is put often before the horse: Discussions on the precise vehicle of a reform (in this case the ESM) take priority over properly assessing the need of a tool itself. The question how to reform the ESM is not the most fundamental one facing EMU today; but ESM reform can nevertheless contribute to making EMU more stable. This paper argues that the discussion on ESM reform in fact subsumes four separate policy debates. These debates are only loosely linked functionally, but are often being connected politically. The paper gives an overview and assessment of the most important proposals in each of these four debates. read more

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