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Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

Quality Criteria for Algorithmic Processes

What should algorithms be allowed to do and what not? What standards of quality should they be held to? For what purposes may they be used? These are relevant questions for all of us as individuals. As a society, we need to achieve a consensus in our response to these questions. The people behind algorithmic processes, that is, those who design these processes, are the most important factor in determining an ethics of algorithms. weiterlesen

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

Revitalizing Multilateral Governance at the World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) serves as a place where trade policy issues are addressed, disputes arbitrated, legal frameworks derived and enforced. Through these functions, the WTO ensures that the rules of trade policy are inspired by fairness and reciprocity rather than national interest. It is crucial to vitalize the global public good that it represents against various threats that have been undermining it. The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Expert Board on the Future of Global Trade Governance has released a report that elaborates a series of feasible policy recommendations that will increase the effectiveness and salience of the WTO. weiterlesen

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

Policy Brief: Revitalizing Multilateral Governance at the World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) serves as a place where trade policy issues are addressed, disputes arbitrated, legal frameworks derived and enforced. Through these functions, the WTO ensures that the rules of trade policy are inspired by fairness and reciprocity rather than national interest. It is crucial to vitalize the global public good that it represents against various threats that have been undermining it. The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Expert Board on the Future of Global Trade Governance has released a report that elaborates a series of feasible policy recommendations that will increase the effectiveness and salience of the WTO. This Policy Brief provides a brief overview over the most important recommendations of the report. weiterlesen

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

Executive Brief: Revitalizing Multilateral Governance at the World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) serves as a place where trade policy issues are addressed, disputes arbitrated, legal frameworks derived and enforced. Through these functions, the WTO ensures that the rules of trade policy are inspired by fairness and reciprocity rather than national interest. It is crucial to vitalize the global public good that it represents against various threats that have been undermining it. The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Expert Board on the Future of Global Trade Governance has released a report that elaborates a series of feasible policy recommendations that will increase the effectiveness and salience of the WTO. This Executive Brief summarizes the most important points of the report. weiterlesen

Bertelsmann Stiftung (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

Is World Trade Organization Information Good Enough?

The World Trade Organization (WTO) has three primary tasks, to negotiate new rules, monitor implementation, and settle any disputes that arise. It is not fulfilling any of these tasks very well at the moment. Should Members just muddle along, hoping for the best, or seek external advice on how to change the WTO operating system? This paper suggests a third possibility: a systematic discussion of transparency by encouraging institutional learning could help Members to recover a shared sense of collective purpose. On the basis of such a detailed vertical review, Members might be able to come to a consensus on how to improve the functioning of the system. Some may see in any discussion of information an attempt by large countries to impose new obligations. Better information might help Members navigate current negotiation impasses, but that is an incidental benefit of a discussion in each committee about whether the organization is doing as well as it can monitoring current obligations. This paper discusses the meaning of institutional learning, and whether other international organizations have lessons for the WTO on how to do it, with particular emphasis on the OECD In-depth Evaluation of Committees process. It then suggests reframing the debate on transparency by asking first whether WTO information is good enough then why Members do not notify as much as they might. If Members think that they lack information on the trading system, the trade policy review process might help. After a review of previous efforts to improve WTO transparency, including the processes launched by the Nairobi ministerial declaration, the paper concludes with a proposal on how WTO can encourage institutional learning by a systematic discussion in each committee of whether WTO information is good enough. weiterlesen

(PDF)2018

A needed evidence revolution

Many Western European countries have dramatically ramped up spending on integration in the hope it will help the large numbers of recently arrived refugees find work and settle into their new societies. But very little is known about how best to target these investments. This report outlines ways policymakers can use cost-benefit analysis to calculate the broader social value of their labour-market integration investments. weiterlesen

Publikation (Hrsg.) (PDF)2018

SDG-Indikatoren für Kommunen

Nachhaltigkeit beginnt in den Kommunen – sie sind die Basis für die Umsetzung der 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) der Vereinten Nationen. Kaum eine Kommune, die sich derzeit mit dem Thema Nachhaltigkeit beschäftigt, tut dies, ohne verstärkt die SDGs in den Blick zu nehmen. weiterlesen

(PDF)2018

National Strategies for Implementing Shared Decision Making (engl.)

Shared decision making (SDM) involves clinicians and patients working together to select appropriate care, based on clinical evidence and the patient’s informed preferences. This study, conducted by the British care-researcher Dr. Angela Coulter, examined the state of SDM implementation in nine leading countries. weiterlesen


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