New study on integration indicators in Europe
As a magnet for immigrants, Europe must now master the challenge of integrating those who arrive from non-European nations. Integration is a key aspect of social cohesion, which is why Europe’s political and social leaders are attempting to increase the degree to which newcomers integrate by measuring the effectiveness of integration-related programs. Currently, the “integration indicators” and measuring processes required to meet this goal are being discussed at length at both the European and national level.
“Benchmarking integration in the EU: Analyzing the debate on integration indicators and moving it forward,” the new Bertelsmann Stiftung study by Sergio Carrera together with Elspeth Guild, brings new momentum to this debate. It presents the common basis for such indicators at the EU level, analyzes current benchmarking methods and examines shortcomings in existing measuring and comparison processes before giving recommendations on how data-driven integration policies can be improved.
The study is a response to the interest currently found throughout the EU on how to better understand and control integration processes. It is meant to help decision makers at the EU and national level better assess integration efforts in the political and social spheres as well as the impact of programs designed to promote integration. Data-driven and evidence-based processes are a key part of successful integration policies, something EU member states have declared in their joint principles on Integration: “Developing clear goals, indicators and evaluation mechanisms are necessary to adjust policy, evaluate progress on integration and to make the exchange of information more effective.” (Principle 11).
A data-driven comparison of immigration and integration policies in EU member states is another prerequisite if the “open method of coordination” within the EU that individual countries can use to improve their integration policies is to succeed. With the study by Carrera and Guild, the Bertelsmann Stiftung wants to contribute to the monitoring of integration efforts at the European level and thus help improve Europe’s joint immigration and integration policies.
The study can be downloaded on the right.
Transatlantic Council on Migraiton
Migration pressures on Europe will increase in coming years. Despite current resistance in this area, in light of current demographic trends most EU member states will have to rely on immigrants – especially highly qualified immigrants – if they want to remain globally competitive in the future. Yet Europe faces many challenges when it comes to integrating newcomers. Many immigrants and their children, for example, are not provided with equal opportunities in education, and they face discrimination in the job market. How to foster cultural integration, especially of immigrants from Muslim countries, has been hotly debated in many European countries.
Migration and integration policies are inherently intertwined. Societal integration will be easier to maintain if governments manage immigration well. Conversely, the public's willingness to accept newcomers is dependent on successful integration.
The Bertelsmann Stiftung together with the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the European Policy Centre (EPC) have convened the Transatlantic Council on Migration. It is designed to bring new momentum to this policy debate by analyzing migration and integration policy options from a transatlantic perspective. It stimulates discourse among policymakers and public debate in North America and Europe. The Council met for the first time in April 2008 at the Rockefeller Foundation's conference center in Bellagio, Italy.
Members of the council include Giuliano Amato, Xavier Becerra, Mel Cappe, Armin Laschet, Ana Palacio, Trevor Phillips, Libe Rieber-Mohn, Rita Süssmuth and Antonio Vitorino. The Council's efforts derive from the work of the Transatlantic Task Force on Migration and Integration, which was jointly sponsored in 2006 and 2007 by the Bertelsmann Stiftung and MPI.
The Council's activities are also supported by other foundations and national governments. These include the Carnegie Corporation, Rockefeller Foundation, Ford Foundation and Hellenic Migration Policy Institute, as well as the governments of Norway and the Netherlands.